Not many things stay the same for nearly a full 20 years. Your car, maybe, if it’s a good one. Your grandmother’s lasagne recipe that she guards with sharpened kitchen knives. Oh, and my well-thumbed, copiously bookmarked 2002 Australian Style Manual.
We all thought it was going to stay the same forever, didn’t we? However, after nearly 20 years, it’s back with a new haircut and a sleek new government interface. That’s right – ASM has gone digital. And it’s fresh with some modern changes to boot.
It’s still in open beta, and the website will most likely undergo a few tweaks here and there (stylemanual.gov.au), but the changes under the hood definitely look permanent. And rather than have you pore through every page to find the most scandalous changes, we’re going to list the biggest ones here. So without further ado:
Numbers have changed
“Generally write numerals for 2 and above. Use words for ordinal numbers up to ninth and for fractions”
With the world digitizing in the past 20 years, certain changes are to be expected. In regard to the style manual, this means that in consideration of digital content, the old rule of numerals had to be changed. Prior to this change, the Australian Style Manual recommended using words for numbers up to 100 for general texts, and up to 9 for statistical texts.
Now, however, it is recommended to use numbers in all cases, apart from the initial first two numbers. This is aimed at making it easier for digital content (and keyboards), according to the manuals release notes.
Em dash is no more
“Spaced en dashes are Australian government style and should be used in digital content.”
Australia up until now was in the camp of using an unspaced m dash. This matched America, however differed from countries such as Britain and Canada, who prefer using spaced n dashes. It seems like a small difference, but as we all know small things can be incredibly divisive.
And as for now? Well, we’ve swapped camps.
No longer is the m dash the default, like in the previous edition of the Australian Style Manual. It is now recommended to use spaced en dashes in all digital content, as well as it being recognized as the Australian government style.
However, the Australian Style Manual does stress certain things. Such that it is okay to follow the old standard if that is the edition of the Australian Style Manual that your publication follows.
We here at Catch the Sun are tickled pink by the change, to be honest. But we also work closely with British companies, and as a result may be a little biased. We can understand why there would be a nod to those who may be a bit obstinate regarding the new changes.
References to ethnic groups
Use culturally appropriate and respectful language when writing with, for or about First Nations Australians.
We’ve come a long way since 2002, and part of that is shown in the changes that have been made to the Australian Style Manual. Whereas the previous edition merely had two pages on the subject, we now have a fully-fledged section dedicated to the subject within the book.
In large, great effort has been made to be culturally appropriate and respectful. The new section goes into detail about the correct use of terms, tenses and descriptions, while also explaining what to avoid. Past editions of the Australian Style Manual did not go into great depth into the subject, and a lot of what was once considered acceptable is now deemed inappropriate.
Inclusive language is a large part of this. Below is an excerpt:
If writing about:
- a specific group, use their nation, island or community name
- many Aboriginal nations, there may be a regional term that is better, such as ‘Murris’ or ‘Kooris’
- many Torres Strait Islander peoples or islands, there may be a regional term that is better, such as ‘Eastern Islands’
- both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, use terms such as ‘First Nations Australians’, ‘First Australians’ or ‘Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples’.
This differs greatly from previous editions, and in fact the old term Indigenous is advised as being avoided where possible. First Nation Australians, or First Australians, is an example as to what is preferred. But it differs case by case, and at all times what they culturally prefer is what should be used.
It’s a solid change, and I’m glad that this reworked section will be considered the government default moving forward.
These are only a few of the changes, as much has shifted following 20 years of societal and scientific progress. But we here at Catch The Sun think these are definitely the crowning jewels of the lot, and are excited to be working within the new ruleset.